X3D and HTML5 Summary

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  • Family of X3D Specifications;
    • X3D Abstract Specification describes basic functionality
    • Three file formats are available: XML (.x3d), ClassicVRML (x3dv), and Compressed Binary Encoding (.x3db)
    • High-performance Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are defined for Ecmascript (Javascript) and Java

  • X3D Strengths
    • Non-profit Web3D Consortium maintains and extends X3D via working groups
    • Set of International Standards certified over 12-year period by multiple national bodies in ISO
    • Multiple implementations are available (open and commercial source)
    • Numerous resources available online, including specifications themselves
    • Third-generation 3D graphics language that extends predecessor Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML97)
    • Long-time W3C member and contributor
    • Formal liaisons and working partnerships with International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Open Geospatial Consortium, Khronos, Digital Imaging and Communicatons in Medicine (DICOM)

  • Relationships between scene graphs, APIs and render layers;
    • Scene graphs are high-level declarative models about how geometry is constructed, colored and animated; these can be expressed as an XML tree
    • APIs are mid-level libraries for programmers to create imperative source code about geometry and animation (various proprietary codebases, O3D, perhaps WebGL)
    • Render layers are low-level software libraries that expose the functionality of graphics hardware (e.g. OpenGL, DirectX)

  • Similarities between MathML, SVG, and X3D;
    • MathML describes mathematical expressions and then renders a presentation of them
    • Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) describes and presents renderings of 2D shapes, with optional animation and interaction
    • Extensible 3D (X3D) describes and presents renderings of 3D shapes, with optional animation and interaction
    • All three languages are formally specified and have well-developed XML encodings
    • Authors want to use these languages for multimedia content in HTML pages

  • X3D scene graph APIs
    • X3D Scene Access Interface (SAI) provides a consistent standardized high-performance API
    • X3D SAI has Ecmascript and Java bindings, other programming languages can be added
    • X3D SAI is functionally equivalent and has same expressive power as file formats
    • Document Object Model (DOM) is also legal (X3D is XML after all) but infrequently used because of low performance

  • Simple X3D example and HTML5 examples; (how current integration looks like via object model then to html5)
    • X3D scene as external reference (Anchor link)
    • X3D as embedded object;
    • HTML5 with embedded x3d as mixed namespaces;
    • Template for demo = html5+x3d event passing connections.

  • Recommendations for html5 specification.