Extensible 3D (X3D)
Part 1: Architecture and base components


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This annex contains the informative references in this documentS. These are references to unofficial standards or documents. All official standards are referenced in 2 Normative references.



BLINN James F. Blinn, "Models of light reflection for computer synthesized pictures", Proceedings of 4th annual conference on computer graphics and interactive techniques, ACM SIGGRAPH, 1977.
CATROM Catmull, Edwin and Rom, Raphael, "A class of local interpolating splines" in Proceedings of First International Conference on Computer Aided Geometric Design, published as Computer-Aided Geometric Design edited by Barnhill, Robert E. and Reisenfeld, Richard F., New York Press, 1974.
Cg Cg Shading Language Specification, NVIDIA Corporation, version 3.1, 2012.
COMPMUSIC Charles Dodge and Thomas A. Jerse, Computer Music: Synthesis, Composition, and Performance, second edition, Cengage Learning, 1997.
DDS DirectDraw Surface (DDS) File Reference, Microsoft Software Developer Network, 2018.
EBERT Ebert, David and Rheingans, Penny, "Volume Illustration: Non-Photorealistic Rendering of Volume Models", Proceedings of IEEE Visualization, 2000, San Francisco, California 2000, 195-202.
ENGEL Klaus Engel, Markus Hadwiger, Joe Kniss, Christof Rezk-Salama and Daniel Weiskopf, Real-Time Volume Graphics, A. K. Peters, 2006.
FOLEY John F. Hughes, Andries van Dam, Morgan McGuire, David F. Sklar, James D. Foley, Steven K. Feiner and Kurt Akeley, Computer Graphics Principles and Practice, third Edition, Pearson, 2014.
FX Reference for Direct3D, Microsoft Windows Developer, 2018.
GOOCH1 Amy Gooch, Bruce Gooch, Peter Shirley, and Elaine Cohen. 1998. "A non-photorealistic lighting model for automatic technical illustration", Proceedings of the 25th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques ACM SIGGRAPH, New York, 1998.
GOOCH2 Bruce Gooch and Amy Gooch, Non-photorealistic rendering, A K Peters, Ltd., Natick, MA, 2001.
GIF "GIF™" Graphics Interchange Format™, Version 89a, CompuServe, Columbus Ohio, 1990.
GLSL John Kessenich, Dave Baldwin and Randi Rost, OpenGL Shading Language Language, version 4.60, The Khronos Group, 2019.
HENYEY L. Henyey and J. Greenstein, Diffuse radiation in the galaxy, Astrophysics Journal, Vol. 93, 1941.
HLSL Microsoft High Level Shading Language Specification for DirectX 9.0
LMIP Y Sato 1, N Shiraga, S Nakajima, S Tamura, R Kikinis, "Local Maximum Intensity Projection: A new rendering method for vascular visualisation", Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, Vol. 22, No. 6, 1998.
NRRD Definition of NRRD File Format.
NURBS Piegl, Les and Tiller, Wayne, The NURBS Book, 2nd Edition, Springer-Verlag (Berlin), 1997.
OPENGL Mark Segal and Kurt Akeley, OpenGL Core Profile, version 4.6. The Khronos Group, 2019.
PHONG B. T. Phong, "Illumination for computer generated pictures", Communications of the ACM, vol. 18 no. 6, 1975.
SHOEMAKE Shoemake, Ken, Animating Rotations with Quaternion Curves, Proceedings of 14th annual conference on computer graphics and interactive techniques, ACM SIGGRAPH 1987.
SNY87 John P. Snyder, MAP Projections: A Working Manual, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1987.
VIS2002 Aidong Lu, C.J. Morris, D.S. Ebert, P. Rheingans, C. Hansen, "Non-photorealistic volume rendering using stippling techniques," IEEE Visualization, 2002. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/1183777
VOL Brooks, Paul, Volume data format, 2000.
WAV Waveform Audio File Format, Multimedia Programming Interface and Data Specification v1.0, Issued by IBM & Microsoft, 1991.
W3C-CSS-Snapshot Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) Snapshot 2018, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Working Group Note, 22 January 2019.
W3C-CSS-Style Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) Style Attributes, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Recommendation, 7 November 2013.
W3C-DOM Document Object Model (DOM) Technical Reports, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), 1 December 2020.
W3C-HTML5 Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) 5.2, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Recommendation, 14 December 2017.
W3C-SVG Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 2, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Candidate Recommendation, 4 October 2018.
W3C-XML Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fifth Edition), World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Recommendation, 26 November 2008.
WHATWG-Fetch Fetch Living Standard, WHATWG community,6 March 2023.
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