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Humanoid animation (H-Anim)
Part 1: Architecture

Annex B

(informative)

Feature points for the human body

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cube B.1 General

B.1.1 Introduction

This annex specifies a list of surface features on the body that can be used for a variety of purposes.

B.1.2 Topics

Table B.1 lists the major topics in this annex.

Table B.1 — Topics

 

cube B.2 Feature points

These feature points are specified using Displacer nodes whose name field is the H-Anim name of the feature point and whose coordIndex field contains a single value that is the index of the vertex which corresponds most closely to the feature point.

Figure B.1 and Table B.1 are derived from that used in the CAESAR project (see [CAESAR]), with the names modified to match the conventions used in the rest of this International Standard.

The H-Anim list of feature points is in the right hand column of Table B.2. The feature points are derived from the feature points used in the CAESAR project (left hand column), with the names modified to conform with the naming conventions used in the rest of this International Standard.

ISO 7250 contains a widely used set of human measurements that are traditional univariate measures, commonly used in anthropometric surveys. Table B.2 contain lists of feature points that are three dimensional points which have no equivalent or overlap of measurement items in ISO 7250 and were instead derived from a 3D anthropometric study, the CAESAR project. There are a few common anatomically derived terms that are common to H-Anim, CAESAR and ISO 7250. These common terms have the following ISO 7250 identifications:

  1. 2.2.1 acromion,
  2. 2.2.5 cervicale,
  3. 2.2.18 metacarpal,
  4. 2.2.19 sellion, and
  5. 2.2.30 tragion.

Some application may use the definitions of these terms from ISO 7250.

The positions of the H-Anim feature points are indicated in Figure B.1 using the position index in the middle column of Table B.2.

landmark feature points

Figure B.1 — Feature points on the human body

Table B.2 — Feature points

CAESAR feature point name Position index H-Anim feature point name

Sellion

Rt. Infraorbitale

Lt. Infraorbitale

Supramenton

Rt. Tragion

Rt. Gonion

Lt. Tragion

Lt. Gonion

Nuchale

Rt. Clavicale

Suprasternale

Lt. Clavicale

Rt. Thelion/Bustpoint

Lt. Thelion/Bustpoint

Substernale

Rt. 10th Rib

Rt. ASIS

Lt. 10th Rib

Lt. ASIS

Rt. Iliocristale

Rt. Trochanterion

Lt. Iliocristale

Lt. Trochanterion

Cervicale

10th Rib Midspine

Rt. PSIS

Lt. PSIS

Waist, Preferred, Post.

Rt. Acromion

Rt. Axilla, Ant

Rt. Radial Styloid

Rt. Axilla Post

Rt. Olecranon

Rt. Humeral Lateral Epicn

Rt. Humeral Medial Epicn

Rt. Radiale

Rt. Metacarpal Phal. II

Rt. Dactylion

Rt. Ulnar Styloid

Rt. Metacarpal-Phal. V

Lt. Acromion

Lt. Axilla, Ant

Lt. Radial Styloid

Lt. Axilla Post

Lt. Olecranon

Lt. Humeral Lateral Epicn

Lt. Humeral Medial Epicn

Lt. Radiale

Lt. Metacarpal-Phal. II

Lt. Dactylion

Lt. Ulnar Styloid

Lt. Metacarpal-Phal. V

Rt. Knee Crease

Rt. Femoral Lateral Epicn

Rt. Femoral Medial Epicn

Rt. Metatarsal-Phal. V

Rt. Lateral Malleolus

Rt. Medial Malleolus

Rt. Sphyrion

Rt. Metatarsal-Phal. I

Rt. Calcaneous, Post.

Rt. Digit II

Lt. Knee Crease

Lt. Femoral Lateral Epicn

Lt. Femoral Medial Epicn

Lt. Metatarsal-Phal. V

Lt. Lateral Malleolus

Lt. Medial Malleolus

Lt. Sphyrion

Lt. Metatarsal-Phal. I

Lt. Calcaneous, Post.

Lt. Digit II

Crotch

no equivalent

no equivalent

no equivalent

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sellion_feature

r_infraorbitale_feature

l_infraorbitale_feature

supramenton_feature

r_tragion_feature

r_gonion_feature

l_tragion_feature

l_gonion_feature

nuchale_feature

r_clavicale_feature

suprasternale_feature

l_clavicale_feature

r_thelion/bustpoint_feature

l_thelion/bustpoint_feature

substernale_feature

r_rib10_feature

r_asis_feature

l_rib10_feature

l_asis_feature

r_iliocristale_feature

r_trochanterion_feature

l_iliocristale_feature

l_trochanterion_feature

cervicale_feature

rib10_midspine_feature

r_psis_feature

l_psis_feature

waist_preferred_post_feature

r_acromion_feature

r_axilla_ant_feature

r_radial_styloid_feature

r_axilla_post_feature

r_olecranon_feature

r_humeral_lateral_epicn_feature

r_humeral_medial_epicn_feature

r_radiale_feature

r_metacarpal_pha2_feature

r_dactylion_feature

r_ulnar_styloid_feature

r_metacarpal_pha5_feature

l_acromion_feature

l_axilla_ant_feature

l_radial_styloid_feature

l_axilla_post_feature

l_olecranon_feature

l_humeral_lateral_epicn

l_humeral_medial_epicn_feature

l_radiale_feature

l_metacarpal_pha2_feature

l_dactylion_feature

l_ulnar_styloid_feature

l_metacarpal_pha5_feature

r_knee_crease_feature

r_femoral_lateral_epicn_feature

r_femoral_medial_epicn_feature

r_metatarsal_pha5_feature

r_lateral_malleolus_feature

r_medial_malleolus_feature

r_sphyrion_feature

r_metatarsal_pha1_feature

r_calcaneous_post_feature

r_digit2_feature

l_knee_crease_feature

l_femoral_lateral_epicn_feature

l_femoral_medial_epicn_feature

l_metatarsal_pha5_feature

l_lateral_malleolus_feature

l_medial_malleolus_feature

l_sphyrion_feature

l_metatarsal_pha1_feature

l_calcaneous_post_feature

l_digit2_feature

crotch_feature

r_neck_base_feature

l_neck_base_feature

navel_feature

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